Effect of Ivermectin on Time to Resolution of Symptoms Among Adults With Mild COVID-19
In JAMA, findings in this randomized trial, which compared the use of ivermectin to placebo for treatment of mild COVID-19, do not support use of the drug.
SARS-CoV-2 Transmission From People Without COVID-19 Symptoms
This decision analytical model published in JAMA Network Open estimated that more than half of COVID-19 transmission in the community likely occurred from asymptomatic individuals.
发表在JAMA Network Open上的这一决策分析模型估计，社区中一半以上的COVID-19传播可能来自无症状个体。
Effects of Psilocybin-Assisted Therapy on Major Depressive Disorder
This randomized clinical trial in JAMA Psychiatry found that psilocybin-assisted therapy was efficacious in producing large, rapid, and sustained antidepressant effects in patients with major depressive disorder.
Myocarditis Following mRNA COVID-19 Vaccination in Members of the US Military
In JAMA Cardiology, this case series described myocarditis presenting in 23 male patients after COVID-19 vaccination within the military health system. These episodes occurred against the backdrop of 2.8 million doses of mRNA COVID-19 vaccines administered.
在JAMA Cardiology中，本病例系列描述了23名男性患者在军队卫生系统内接种COVID-19疫苗后出现心肌炎。这些事件发生在接种了280万剂mRNA COVID-19疫苗的背景下。
Maternal and Neonatal Morbidity and Mortality Among Pregnant Women With and Without COVID-19
This multinational cohort study published in JAMA Pediatrics showed higher complication and death rates in women with COVID-19 compared with those without COVID-19. Their newborns were at greater risk of neonatal complications.
Evaluation of Cloth Masks and Modified Procedure Masks as Personal Protective Equipment
This comparative study in JAMA Internal Medicine examined the fitted filtration efficiency of 7 consumer-grade face masks and 5 medical procedure mask modifications.
JAMA Internal Medicine上的这项对比研究检查了7个消费者级口罩和5个医用外科口罩改装后的贴合过滤效率。
Delayed Localized Hypersensitivity Reactions to the Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine
In JAMA Dermatology, this case-series study described the clinical course and histopathologic examination findings for delayed localized cutaneous injection-site reactions to the Moderna COVID-19 vaccine.
在JAMA Dermatology上，本病例系列研究描述了Moderna COVID-19疫苗延迟局部皮肤注射部位反应的临床过程和组织病理学检查结果。
Neurologic Involvement in Children and Adolescents With COVID-19 or Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome
In this study published in JAMA Neurology, COVID-19-related neurologic involvement was common in hospitalized children and adolescents and mostly transient.
Progression of Myopia in School-aged Children After COVID-19 Home Confinement
In this cross-sectional study published in JAMA Ophthalmology, a substantial myopic shift was noted after home confinement due to COVID-19 for children aged 6 to 8 years.
Association of COVID-19 Vaccination and Facial Nerve Palsy
In this case-control study published in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, no increased risk of facial nerve palsy was seen following vaccination with the Pfizer-BioNTech BNT162b2 vaccine.
在这项发表在JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery上的病例对照研究中，接种Pfizer-BioNTech BNT162b2疫苗后，未发现面神经麻痹风险增加。
Cancers and COVID-19 Risk, Disparities, and Outcomes
In this case-control analysis of electronic medical records from 73.4 million unique patients, which was published in JAMA Oncology, those with a recent diagnosis of cancer were at significantly increased risk for COVID-19 infection and its adverse outcomes, especially in African American individuals.
Survival After Breast Conservation vs Mastectomy Adjusted for Comorbidity and Socioeconomic Status
In JAMA Surgery, in this large cohort study of patients with breast cancer, survival was significantly better after breast-conserving surgery than after mastectomy despite adjusting for 2 pivotal confounders, comorbidity and socioeconomic status.
Association of Wealth With Longevity in US Adults at Midlife
In this cohort study of US adults in JAMA Health Forum, net worth at midlife was associated with longevity, and this association was unlikely to be merely an artifact of early experiences or heritable traits shared by families.
在JAMA Health Forum上这项对美国成年人进行的队列研究中，中年人的净资产与长寿有关，这种关联不太可能仅仅是家庭共有的早期经历或遗传特征的产物。