年终盘点:2021年度JAMA点击率最高的13篇文章

image.png


JAMA通过其Youtube官方频道发布了一条视频,公布了2020年10月1日至2021年9月30日期间,发表在美国医学会JAMA Network系列期刊上点击率最高的研究文章。


01

image.png


Effect of Ivermectin on Time to Resolution of Symptoms Among Adults With Mild COVID-19

伊维菌素对成人轻度COVID-19症状缓解时间的影响

In JAMA, findings in this randomized trial, which compared the use of ivermectin to placebo for treatment of mild COVID-19, do not support use of the drug.

发表于JAMA的这项随机试验比较了伊维菌素和安慰剂治疗轻度COVID-19的疗效,结果不支持使用该药物。

02


image.png


SARS-CoV-2 Transmission From People Without COVID-19 Symptoms

SARS-CoV-2从无COVID-19症状的人传播

This decision analytical model published in JAMA Network Open estimated that more than half of COVID-19 transmission in the community likely occurred from asymptomatic individuals.

发表在JAMA Network Open上的这一决策分析模型估计,社区中一半以上的COVID-19传播可能来自无症状个体。

03


image.png


Effects of Psilocybin-Assisted Therapy on Major Depressive Disorder

赛洛西宾辅助治疗对重度抑郁症的影响

This randomized clinical trial in JAMA Psychiatry found that psilocybin-assisted therapy was efficacious in producing large, rapid, and sustained antidepressant effects in patients with major depressive disorder.

JAMA Psychiatry杂志上的这项随机临床试验发现,赛洛西宾辅助治疗在重度抑郁症患者中产生大规模、快速和持续的抗抑郁作用是有效的。

04


image.png


Myocarditis Following mRNA COVID-19 Vaccination in Members of the US Military

美国军人中mRNA COVID-19疫苗接种后的心肌炎

In JAMA Cardiology, this case series described myocarditis presenting in 23 male patients after COVID-19 vaccination within the military health system. These episodes occurred against the backdrop of 2.8 million doses of mRNA COVID-19 vaccines administered.

在JAMA Cardiology中,本病例系列描述了23名男性患者在军队卫生系统内接种COVID-19疫苗后出现心肌炎。这些事件发生在接种了280万剂mRNA COVID-19疫苗的背景下。

05

image.png


Maternal and Neonatal Morbidity and Mortality Among Pregnant Women With and Without COVID-19

孕妇是否感染COVID-19对于孕产妇和新生儿发病率和死亡率

This multinational cohort study published in JAMA Pediatrics showed higher complication and death rates in women with COVID-19 compared with those without COVID-19. Their newborns were at greater risk of neonatal complications.

这项发表在JAMA Pediatrics上的多国队列研究显示,与没有感染COVID-19的女性相比,感染COVID-19女性的并发症和死亡率更高,她们的新生儿出现新生儿并发症的风险更高。

06

image.png


Evaluation of Cloth Masks and Modified Procedure Masks as Personal Protective Equipment

布口罩和改良的外科口罩口罩作为个人防护装备的评价

This comparative study in JAMA Internal Medicine examined the fitted filtration efficiency of 7 consumer-grade face masks and 5 medical procedure mask modifications.

JAMA Internal Medicine上的这项对比研究检查了7个消费者级口罩和5个医用外科口罩改装后的贴合过滤效率。

07

image.png


Delayed Localized Hypersensitivity Reactions to the Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine

对COVID-19疫苗的延迟局部超敏反应

In JAMA Dermatology, this case-series study described the clinical course and histopathologic examination findings for delayed localized cutaneous injection-site reactions to the Moderna COVID-19 vaccine.

在JAMA Dermatology上,本病例系列研究描述了Moderna COVID-19疫苗延迟局部皮肤注射部位反应的临床过程和组织病理学检查结果。

08

image.png


Neurologic Involvement in Children and Adolescents With COVID-19 or Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome

COVID-19或多系统炎症综合征儿童和青少年的神经系统病变

In this study published in JAMA Neurology, COVID-19-related neurologic involvement was common in hospitalized children and adolescents and mostly transient.

在这项发表在JAMA Neurology上的研究中,与COVID-19相关的神经系统病变在住院儿童和青少年中很常见,而且大多是暂时性的。

09

image.png


Progression of Myopia in School-aged Children After COVID-19 Home Confinement

学龄儿童居家隔离后近视的进展

In this cross-sectional study published in JAMA Ophthalmology, a substantial myopic shift was noted after home confinement due to COVID-19 for children aged 6 to 8 years.

这项发表在JAMA Ophthalmology横断面研究中,6至8岁儿童由于COVID-19在家隔离后观察到了显着的近视变化。

10

image.png

Association of COVID-19 Vaccination and Facial Nerve Palsy

新冠肺炎疫苗接种与面神经麻痹的关系

In this case-control study published in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, no increased risk of facial nerve palsy was seen following vaccination with the Pfizer-BioNTech BNT162b2 vaccine.

在这项发表在JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery上的病例对照研究中,接种Pfizer-BioNTech BNT162b2疫苗后,未发现面神经麻痹风险增加。

11

image.png


Cancers and COVID-19 Risk, Disparities, and Outcomes

癌症和COVID-19风险、差异和结果

In this case-control analysis of electronic medical records from 73.4 million unique patients, which was published in JAMA Oncology, those with a recent diagnosis of cancer were at significantly increased risk for COVID-19 infection and its adverse outcomes, especially in African American individuals.

发表在JAMA Oncology上的这项针对7340万名独特患者的电子病历的病例对照分析显示,那些最近被诊断为癌症的患者,尤其是非洲裔美国人,感染COVID-19及其不良后果的风险显著增加。

12


image.png


Survival After Breast Conservation vs Mastectomy Adjusted for Comorbidity and Socioeconomic Status

根据合并症和社会经济地位调整乳房保留与乳房切除后的生存率

In JAMA Surgery, in this large cohort study of patients with breast cancer, survival was significantly better after breast-conserving surgery than after mastectomy despite adjusting for 2 pivotal confounders, comorbidity and socioeconomic status.

这项发表在JAMA Surgery针对乳腺癌患者的大型队列研究中,尽管对两个关键混杂因素(合并症和社会经济地位)进行了调整,但保乳手术后的生存率明显优于乳房切除术。

13

image.png


Association of Wealth With Longevity in US Adults at Midlife

美国中年人的财富与长寿的关系

In this cohort study of US adults in JAMA Health Forum, net worth at midlife was associated with longevity, and this association was unlikely to be merely an artifact of early experiences or heritable traits shared by families.

在JAMA Health Forum上这项对美国成年人进行的队列研究中,中年人的净资产与长寿有关,这种关联不太可能仅仅是家庭共有的早期经历或遗传特征的产物。





微信扫一扫
关注“医学博士英语”公众号