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Part II Cloze
Directions:In this part there is a passage with ten numbered blanks, for each of which four choices marked A, B, C and D are listed correspondingly. Choose the best answer, and then mark the letter of your choice on the ANSWER SHEET.
The problem of caring for the weak and sick has existed from the earliest times. The Romans, in times of war, established infirmaries, 51 were used to treat sick and injured soldiers. Later on, infirmaries were founded in the larger cities and were built out of public 52 .
In a way, the Roman influence was 53 the establishment of hospitals. 54 Christianity grew, the care of the sick became the duty of the Church. The monasteries and convents provided most of the hospitals. The custom of making pilgrimages (朝圣) also helped advance the 55 of hospitals. Those pilgrimages were often long, and the travelers had to stop overnight at small inns 56 the road. These inns were called hospitalia, meaning a guest. The inns connected with the monasteries devoted themselves to caring for travelers who were ill or weary, and the name hospital became connected with caring for the 57 .
Since living conditions during the Middle Ages were not comfortable or hygienic, the hospitals were 58 clean or orderly. In fact, many 59 hospital would put two or more patients in the same bed.
But it wasn't 60 the eighteenth century that public hospitals became general in the larger towns of England. Soon, the idea of public hospitals began to spread and they appeared all over Europe.
51. A. for whom B. in which
C. which D. who
52. A. funds B. affairs
C. figures D. interests
53. A. capable of B. respectful of
C. accessible to D. responsible for
54. A. With B. For C. If D. As
55. A. tradition B.form C. Idea D. skill
56. A. to B. from C. Across D. along
57. A. afflicted B. affiliated
C. addicted D.affirmed
58. A. close to B. far from
C. careful about D. considerate of
59. A. a B. such C. other D. another
60. A. in B. by C. up to D. until
51. C 52. A 53. D 54. D 55. C
56. D 57. A 58. B 59. A 60. D