绝对干货!医患英文对话之Anaemia贫血

小白老师说:今天的医患英文对话的主题是Anaemia贫血,基本上在这个情景下的句式和表达都覆盖到了。对话中的难点小白老师都已经给出了中文和解释。请备考医博英语考试的朋友们仔细研读,也许考试时的长对话或某个短对话就是关于贫血。当然,对于不参加医博英语考试的同学们也非常有用,可听,可模仿,非常好的听说素材。有时间也不妨总结一下同一意思不同的表达,比如眩晕,耳鸣都有哪些不同的说法。好了,请赶快点击下方条形框播放音频吧。


WOMAN, AGED 39 (女性,39岁)

D=Doctor, P=Patient


D: I see you’ve been anaemic and you had a blood test last May. Has anything else troubled you?

P: I’ve kept getting a roaring in my ears and giddiness. 小白老师说: roaring轰鸣声,roaring in my ears耳鸣;giddiness眩晕。

D: Anything else?

P: Yes, I am breathless.

D: All the time?

P: Most of the time.

D: What do you do?

P: I’m a cook.

D: How long has all this gone on?

P: Say, six months. say,此处指“大约,粗略地”

D: Since your treatment with iron?

P: Yes. I keep getting dizzy spells. dizzy spells, 眩晕发作

D: Tell me about them. How often do you get them?

P: They come and go but last time I fell badly.

D: Does anything bring them on? 什么情况引起你眩晕发作?

P: Rushing about. 突然跑动时。

D: What actually happens?

P: I keep falling down.

D: Do you know you’re going to fall?

P: I know I’m falling but I can’t stop myself.

D: Do your legs give way? 双腿不听使唤吗?give way, 支持不住,跌倒

P: Yes.

D: Do you fall in any particular way?

P: I keep falling forwards.

D: You’ve hurt yourself more than once?

P: Oh, yes. I go giddy. The fridge comes to meet me and whizzes round.是的,我经常眩晕。我觉得冰箱朝我冲来,并快速旋转起来。

D: If you stand still, do you hold on?

P: Yes.

D: Do you feel giddy in bed?

P: Yes.

D: Are you all right between spasms? 两次发作期间你感觉好吗?

P: Yes.

D: Does it affect your hearing?

P: I get roaring in my ears.

D: What does it sound like?

P: Like whooshing. 像哗哗的流水声。whooshing,瀑布落水声。

D: How long?

P: Minutes.

D: Do you feel sick?

P: Yes. First thing in the morning. Terribly.

D: Have you been sick?

P: Oh, yes.

D: Do you suffer from headaches?

P: My periods are only for half a day and I get terrible headaches. 我每次月经只来半天,来月经时头疼得非常厉害。

D: How often do you have your periods?

P: It varies. Every two or three weeks.

D: Is it always like that?

P: Yes.

D: When did they start?

P: When I was eleven. Then nine years ago they stopped for three years. I saw five days before that. 小白老师说:这几句话的意思是——我11岁来月经,然后9年前中断了三年。5天前刚来过月经。“I saw” 在这里的意思是 “我来月经了”(女性委婉的说法)。此处很容易出数字计算时间题。

D: You say you are breathless?

P: Yes. I get puffed if I go upstairs.

D: Do you suffer from indigestion?

P: No.

D: Bowel trouble?

P: No.

D: Water?小白老师说:在这里“water”可不是“水”的意思,而是问病人排尿有没有问题。考试的时候此处非常容易出干扰项。

P: No.

D: Do you get up at night? 小白老师说:这句话字面意思是“你晚上起床吗?”,在这个对话的情景下是问“夜里起来上厕所吗?”

P: No.

D: How’s your appetite?

P: Fair.

D: Do you smoke?

P: Fifteen to twenty a day.

D: Do you drink?

P: Not a lot.


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